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Brief Bio
Shy Guy from Hollywood High
PC Tips & Free Programs
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Digital Camera Icon
    Digital Photo Basics
  1. Getting Pictures from Camera into Computer
  2. Getting Acquainted with Irfanview
  3. Basic Terms: View Size vs Print Size, etc.
  4. Virtually Free Photography - Naming Pics, Albums
  5. When Digital Camera Photos Can't Be Found
  6. Digital Photography for Not So Digital Seniors

  7. Crop, Resize, Align, Colors
  8. How to Crop and/or Resize a Photo
  9. Problem Enlarging Digital Pictures
  10. Understanding CYMK & RGB Colors
  11. How to Straighten (Rotate, Align) a Photo
  12. Darkrooms Replaced by Computers
  13. Be Your Own Photo Processing Studio

  14. Adding Text to Pictures
  15. Adding Text to a Photo
  16. Text & Picture In a Word Text Box

  17. Displaying Your Pictures
  18. Printing Multiple Photos on a Single Page
  19. Displaying Your Photos as a Slideshow
  20. Merging Two Graphics Into One
  21. When Multiple Photos Don't All Fit on a Print-Out
  22. Print Yourself or Have Pics Processed Elsewhere?

  23. Online Images - Emailing Pics
  24. Reducing a Digital Photo's File Size
  25. Red X Instead of a Picture
  26. Reducing the File Size of a Video
  27. Print Yourself or Have Pics Processed Elsewhere?
  28. Copying Images from a Web Site or an Email

  29. Pic Formats - File Extensions
  30. Digital Picture Formats (JPG, BMP, GIF, TIF, etc)
  31. Difference Between "Drawing" & "Painting" Programs
  32. Digital Cameras & Megapixelss
  33. Choosing File Associations for Picture Files
  34. Understanding "Animated GIFs"
  35. Comparison of JPG and GIF Image Files
More PC Help &
Free Programs
Can Be Found Here.

Cupid Hearts Some Favorite Links

Converting Music Files from One Format to Another

Several readers have written to ask if there is a way to convert digital music files from one format to another, such as from WAV to MP3. Well, there are a number of sites that offer programs for making such conversions, with prices ranging from free to about $50. Some convert files at fixed compression ratios while others let you choose a compression ratio for the finished file.

Lower compression results in better sound quality, while increaed compression cancels out certain frequencies to conserve disk space. The results may sound fine to one listener, but inadequate to another. You can experiment and choose the ratio that works best for you.

Several of these programs can be downloaded for a free evaluation period, and if someone can recommend a favorite I will mention it here. I don't have the resources to personally evaluate all these programs, but am quite happy with the free one from Others can be found by typing something like wav to mp3 converter into The free one I chose doesn't offer compression ratio (bit rate) choices, so converted files tend to be quite large. However, this works for me since I have plenty of disk capacity on my computers and MP3 players.

The reason many folks want to convert WAVs to MP3s is that WAVs are not recognized by most portable music players, such as the iPod. Many of the WAV files Ed wants to convert are songs found on this site (Don's Music Pages), where there are hundreds of mid-20th century "swing era" pop and country favorites. These are songs I've found on other sites or which readers have sent me via email. Most are WAVs and MIDIs — but some are MP3s, while others are in the ASF (Advanced Streaming Format) or WMA formats. Since I am not personally into audio file editing, I have simply copied the files "as is" to my site's music pages.

I can't explain the technical differences between the various audio formats, but I can offer a brief overview of their origins.

In the early days of computers the only sounds available were beeps and pings that accompanied certain keyboard commands. These MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) files were normally created with an electronic keyboard connected to a computer. Improved technology has made it possible to create MIDIs that beautifully reproduce the entire sound spectrum of the most sophisticated keyboards.

The WAV (Waveform Audio) format was developed to provide recorded analog musical sounds, such as the harp glissando heard when Windows starts up. Users can create their own WAV voice and/or instrumental files with Windows' built-in Sound Recorder tools.

WMA (Windows Media Audio) files are usually created by "ripping" songs from commercial music CDs. The free Windows Media Player has built-in ripping capabilities.

The MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3) eventually became a "universal" format that works on most computers and media players.

All the various audio formats can be burned onto CDs, but this does not mean they can be played via all CD players. Older players were designed to play only commercial music CDs and do not recognize computer-generated audio files. However, many of the newer players are designed to play MP3s. Read the fine print when choosing a boombox, a car stereo, or an MP3 player.

As for downloading songs from my site, detailed instructions are included on the various music pages Swing Era Popular Songs, Country Standards, Gospel & Patriotic Songs, and LatinAmerican Favorites, among many others.

More PC Help & Various Free Programs Can Be Found Here.

© - Donald Ray Edrington - 2007 - All Rights Reserved

Contact Information on Don Can Be Found Here.

Table-top JukeBox
Microsoft Word Logo
  1. Creating Labels & Envelopes with Word, Excel, & MSWorks
  2. Replacing NORMAL.DOC when Word Becomes Unstable
  3. Password Protecting Word & Excel Documents

  4. Pictures & Text Boxes
  5. Picture in a Text Box
  6. Placing Both Text & a Pic in a Text Box

  7. Other Document Types
  8. MSWord, Wordpad, Notepad, Google's Writely/Docs
  9. Converting Data between MSWord & PDF Files

  10. Working with Columns
  11. Dividing a Page into Columns
  12. Lining Up Numbers in a Column

  13. Bullets & Page Numbering
  14. Using AutoCorrect for Bullets & Numbering
  15. Add Page Numbering to a Word Processing Document

  16. Backing Up Word Files
  17. Automatic Backup of MSWord Documents

    Computer Commentary
  1. Signing Up with MySpace
  2. More about MySpace + Some Info on Skype
  3. Internet Explorer6 vs Internet Explorer 7
  4. More on Using Internet Explorer 7
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