Senior Computer Tutor
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Camera Icon Digital Photo Basics
  1. Pictures from Camera into Computer
  2. Getting Acquainted with Irfanview
  3. Basic Terms: View Size vs Print Size, etc.
  4. Virtually Free Photography - Naming Pics, Albums
  5. When Digital Camera Photos Can't Be Found
  6. Digital Photography for Not So Digital Seniors
   Crop, Resize, Align, Colors
  1. How to Crop and/or Resize a Photo
  2. Problem Enlarging Digital Pictures
  3. Understanding CYMK & RGB Colors
  4. How to Straighten (Rotate, Align) a Photo
  5. Darkrooms Replaced by Computers
  6. Be Your Own Photo Processing Studio
   Text in Pictures
  1. Printing Multiple Photos on a Single Page
  2. Displaying Your Photos as a Slideshow
  3. Printing Photo Thumbnail Sheets
  4. When Multiple Photos Don't All Fit on a Print-Out
  5. Print Yourself or Have Pics Processed Elsewhere?
   Online Images - Emailing Pics
  1. Reducing a Digital Photo's File Size
  2. Red X Instead of a Picture
  3. Reducing the File Size of a Video
  4. Print Yourself or Have Pics Processed Elsewhere?
  5. Copying Images from a Web Site or an Email
   Pic Formats - File Extensions
  1. Digital Picture Formats (JPG, BMP, GIF, TIF, etc)
  2. Difference Between "Drawing" & "Painting" Programs
  3. Digital Cameras & Megapixelss
  4. Choosing File Associations for Picture Files
  5. Understanding "Animated GIFs"
  6. Comparison of JPG and GIF Photographs

The Difference Between
"Drawing" & "Painting" Programs

When I recently mentioned using programs with "drawing" capabilities, Bob Sheaf wrote to ask which programs I use. Well, first a definition of "drawing" and "painting" programs is in order.

The word "painting" normally refers to a "bitmap" image. This is a graphic made up of many tiny colored squares called "bits" which are "mapped" on a background to give the illusion of "continuous tone" shadings, such as those seen in a photograph. These images are also often referred to as "raster" graphics.

With a "drawing" program, on the other hand, one normally creates images by establishing points that are connected by straight or curved lines, resulting in shapes such as a rectangle or an oval. The shapes can then be filled with colors resulting in, say, a red heart or a green shamrock. Many of the cartoon-style "clipart" drawings found on the Web are considered drawings rather than paintings. These drawings are also often referred to as "vector" graphics.

Windows "PaintBrush"

Nonetheless, "painting" and "drawing" elements are often used together to create a finished graphic. For instance, all versions of Windows come with a program called PaintBrush (a.k.a. Paint or PBrush) which can be accessed by going to Start>Programs>Accessories>Paint.

After launching PaintBrush a white "canvas" will appear, along with a variety of drawing tools and a color palette. The lower right corner of the canvas can be mouse-maneuvered to adjust its shape, while the "paint bucket" tool can be used to fill it with a different background color.

The "oval" and "rectangle" tools can be used to create simple shapes that can likewise be filled with a color of your choosing. By first clicking the "line" tool, a different thickness for an object's outline can be selected. The "S-shaped" symbol will let you draw a straight line which can then be curved by mouse-grabbing it and reshaping it.

Two dashed-line "selection" tools can be used cut (Ctrl+X), copy (Ctrl+C), and/or paste (Ctrl+V) selected areas on the canvas. Use the "star-shaped" tool for free-hand selections.

A finished graphic can be saved by going to File>Save As, where picture formats such as BMP, GIF or JPG, are available. I normally choose GIF for simple drawings, which is the format used for much of the clipart seen on Web pages and in email. (GIFs are limited to 256 colors.)

When you use PaintBrush to open and edit photos, however, JPG is the format used most often. (JPGs can be made up of millions of colors.)

PaintBrush, therefore, can be used as both a "drawing" and a "painting" program for simple projects. Professional graphic artists generally use heavy-duty programs such as Adobe Illustrator for "drawing" and Adobe PhotoShop for "painting." I prefer Corel Draw and Corel PhotoPaint, which are much less expensive than the Adobe products, but which have the same comprehensive capabilities.

Corel Paint Shop Pro is also a popular program with both raster and vector capabilities. (In recent years Corel bought Jasc's Paint Shop Pro and eliminated Corel Photopaint, which resulted in today's Corel Paint Shop Pro. I'm currently using Version 11.)

"Drawing" Tools in Your Word Processing Program

Users of MSWord or WordPerfect also have some "drawing" tools available. Click on View>Toolbars, whereupon Word users will click "Drawing" while WP users will choose "Draw Shapes."

Word users can then click on AutoShapes>Basic Shapes for a comprehensive selection of patterns, such as a heart, a star, a crescent moon, a variety of arrows, and even a happy face. More info can be found in the programs' Help files.



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